|| Aum Sai Ram || Aum Sai Para Brahmanaa Namah ||
“Now we shall close this Chapter with a few remarks about Dakshina. It is a well-known fact that, Baba always asked for Dakshina from people, who went to see Him. Somebody may ask a question, “If Baba was a Fakir and perfectly non-attached, why should He ask for Dakshina and care for money?” We shall consider this question broadly now.
First for a long time, Baba did not take anything. He stored burnt matches and filled His pocket with them. He never asked anybody for anything, whether he be a devotee or otherwise. If anybody placed before Him a paisa or two, He purchased oil or tobacco. He was fond of tobacco, for He always smoked a Bidi or Chillim (an earthen pipe). Then, some persons thought that, they should not go to Saints empty-handed, and therefore, placed some copper coins before Baba. If a paisa was placed before Him, He used to pocket it, if it was a two paise coin, it was returned immediately. Then, after Baba’s fame had spread far and wide, people began to flock in numbers and Baba began to ask Dakshina from them. It is said in the Shruti (veda) that Puja of the Gods is not complete, unless a golden coin was offered. If a coin was necessary in the Puja of the Gods, why should it be not so in the Puja of the Saints also? Ultimately, the Shastras laid it down that, when one goes to see God, King, Saint or Guru, he should not go empty-handed. He should offer something, preferably money.
In this connection we may notice the precepts, recommended by the Upanishads. The Brihadaranyak Upanishad says that the Lord Prajapati advised the Gods, men and demons by one letter ‘Da’.
The Gods understood by this letter that, they should practice (1) ‘Dama‘ i.e. self-control; the men thought or understood that they should practice (2) ‘Dana’ i.e. charity;
the demons understood that they should practice (3) ‘Daya’ i.e. compassion.
To men, charity or giving was recommended. The teacher, in the Taittiriya Upanishad exhorts his pupils to practise charity and other virtues. Regarding charity, he says, “Give with faith, or even without it give with magnanimity, i.e. liberally, give with modesty, with awe and with sympathy. In order to teach the devotees the lesson of charity and to remove their attachment to money and thus, to purify their minds”. Baba extracted Dakshina from them but there was this peculiarity, as Baba said that, He had to give back hundred times more of what He received.
There are many instances, in which this has happened. To quote an instance, Mr. Ganpatrao Bodas, the famous actor, says in his Marathi autobiography, that on Baba’s pressing him often and often for Dakshina, he emptied his money-bag before Him. The result of this was, as Mr. Bodas says that, in later life he never lacked money, as it came to him abundantly.
There were also secondary meanings of Dakshina, in many cases, in which Baba did not want any pecuniary amount. To quote two instances:
(1) Baba asked Rs.15/- as Dakshina from Prof. G.G.Narke, who replied that he did not have any money. Then Baba said, “I know you have no money, but you are reading Yoga Vasishtha. Give Me Dakshina from that”. Giving Dakshina in this case meant, ‘Deriving lessons from the book and lodging them in the heart where Baba resides’.
(2) In the second case, Baba asked a certain lady (Mrs. R. A. Tarkhad) to give Rs.6/- as Dakshina. The lady felt pained, as she had nothing to give. Then, her husband explained to her that, Baba wanted six inner enemies (lust, anger, avarice etc.) to be surrendered to Him. Baba agreed with this explanation.
It is to be noted, that though Baba collected a lot of money by Dakshina, He would distribute the whole amount the same day, and the next morning He would become a poor Fakir as usual. When Baba took His Mahasamadhi, after receiving thousands and thousands of Rupees as Dakshina, for about ten years, He had only a few Rupees in His possession.
In short, Baba’s main object in taking Dakshina, from His devotees was to teach them the lessons of Renunciation and Purification.”
– SHRI SAI SATCHARITA (Chapter XIV)
|| Aum Sai Sharnam || May Peace Be To All ||